Archaeologists May Have Discovered a Long-Lost Indigenous Settlement in Florida

A team of archaeologists is “fairly confident” that they have discovered the location of a lost Indigenous community that once lived in northeast Florida. Mention of the Saraby settlement appears in French and Spanish historical documents as far back as the 1560s, but until now, its location had eluded researchers.

According to the report published by the University of North Florida, whose archaeology lab worked on the find, the type of Indigenous pottery, combined with European artifacts and cartographic map evidence, may prove that Big Talbot Island was the home of the 16th-century Mocama settlement.

The team from the University of North Florida, led by Keith Ashley, UNF Archaeology Lab director and assistant professor, is expanding on decades of excavations in Northeast Florida. The dig is part of the UNF Archaeology Lab’s extensive Mocama Archaeological Project, which focuses on the history of the Mocama-speaking Timucua Native Americans who lived along the Atlantic coast of Northern Florida.

The Mocama were among the first Indigenous groups encountered by Spanish settlers in the mid-1560s. Warfare with the British and other Native tribes, infectious disease, and European colonization led to the demise of the Mocama community, which was split between two major chiefdoms.

The archaeology team’s findings included 50 pieces of early Spanish pottery that date to around the time that Europeans landed in what is now Florida. Bone, shell, and stone artifacts, as well as corn cob fragments, were also discovered. Excavations are expected to continue for the next three years. Researchers hope to find find houses or other architectural structures.

Share This Post:

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on pinterest
Share on linkedin

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

On Key

Related Posts

Creative Journeys

Art holds up a mirror to our times. The past year has been a period of upheaval and uncertainty, but it has also inspired innovation. A spirit of determination and adaptability has been crucial. As Hereford College of Arts (HCA) opens its doors to the public to celebrate the Festival of Arts, we interviewed Xaviere

Some Other Sunset: Heidi Hahn @ Fahrenheit Madrid

It is so interesting how one can be equally intrigued by the painting in which an illusion of voluminous surface was created through the materiality of paint, as much as the painting in which color choices, their relationships, and the dynamics of the brushwork construct the non-tangible ambiance or emotional state of the work. And

Jimbo: Adventures in Paradise by Gary Panter

The electric delight in experiencing a Gary Panter piece—and indeed it is an all-encompassing encounter—is that there is such immediacy in the remembrance and the revelations. Jimbo: Adventures in Paradise, just re-released by New York Comics with a foreword by Ed Ruscha and essay by Nicole Rudick, offers a mind-bending opportunity for the uninitiated and

Scroll to Top